Social stories were created by Carol Gray to help teach social skills to individuals with autism spectrum disorders. Each story includes a short description of a particular situation, event or activity, as well as specific information about what to expect in that particular situation and why. These stories can be used as an aid to assist in teaching and maintaining skills. A story alone will not teach a new skill or behaviour. Social Stories should be used in combination with other strategies, such as environmental modifications (e.g., use of visual schedules), explicit teaching of new behaviours (e.g., modelling, prompting), and reinforcement for engaging in appropriate behaviour (e.g., descriptive praise, high 5s).
Social Scripts can be used to:
- Support the teaching of new skills and behaviours
- Prepare children for new experiences
- Reinforce and remind children of appropriate ways to manage challenging situations
- Help children transfer newly learned skills from one environment to another.
In order for a story to be considered a Social Story (the term is trademarked), specific guidelines need to be followed. The stories below conform quite closely to these guidelines, but they may not meet every single one. Therefore I will refer to them as Social Scripts. Please send an email to email@example.com if you would like me to send you an editable version of a particular story.
The story below provides an overview of when, why, and how to greet other people.
The story below describes appropriate ways to get a person's attention.
A lot of children on the autism spectrum have trouble with going to the dentist. The story below describes what can be expected when you go to the dentist. Some other strategies to help make going to the dentist easier are: 1) visiting the dentist/dentist office as many times as possible before the actual dentist visit, 2) role playing "going to the dentist" at home, 3) having the child practice opening their mouth, and having their teeth counted (ideally with a special tool), 4) providing lots of reinforcement for each small step
The "Interrupting" story explains why it is important to wait when you want to talk to someone who is busy, and what you can do while you wait.
Being a good sport when winning or losing a game can be a challenge for any child, and particularly for children on the autism spectrum. The story below describes appropriate ways to respond when winning or losing a game.